It is literally the idea that we are able to exist in some form without our bodies. Do people have to have physical bodies to exist?
June 10, 12 Minutes These are all A grade essays with the mark out of 35 given at the end. The concept of disembodied existence can often be taken by advocates of dualism, the belief that humans consist of a body and soul which are separate and can be separated at death, as a coherent explanation for the question of life after death.
However, this theory would be greatly opposed by those who believe in materialism, or monism, the belief that we as humans exist as a single unit of body and soul or mind which cannot be separated. It would therefore not be coherent for a monist to believe in disembodied existence as the soul does not have intrinsic value outside of the body.
It is perhaps first necessary to look at the nature of personhood and different beliefs on what constitutes a person. It is necessary to look at different opinions on what constitutes a person.
The concept of disembodied existence would therefore be incoherent as there is no bodily continuity and therefore no real existence of a person.
This view however does have many problems. Locke insists that as soon as memory is lost identification and personhood is lost but this has inconsistencies, if 1 person, for example, lost their memory due to amnesia or an accident would we not call them the same person they were before? So the question remains that in what way would disembodied existence seem a coherent possibility after death?
Disembodied existence seems to sit comfortable with the classical views of Platonic dualism. Plato believed that the soul was imprisoned within the body and that the ultimate goal of the soul was to be released at death back to the world of the Forms where it could be reunited with the Form of the Good God.
Thus the body which is purely material dies for Plato and the soul returns to the world of the Forms and is immortal. However, the concept of disembodied existence does not seem so cohesive with other dualistic models. Thus although the soul or mind has a higher fundamental value, and the body is still matter capable of decay, they do exist within interaction of one another.
Therefore, it would be conceivable to conclude that one could not survive without the other? Either they both perish at death or they both survive death. It could also be questioned whether the dualistic model of epiphenomenalism coincides with the concept of disembodied existence.
Since bodily states can causally affect mind states, even though mind states are of a higher reality than bodily ones, how would a mind or soul survive without the body?
It seems to have little or no control over the body, so how can we suggest that it has an objective existence of its own after death? Of course the main opposition to the belief in the concept of disembodied existence after death will come from the view of the materialists or monists who hold that body and soul are one and are inseparable.
Thus there is no such thing as an immortal soul and so the concept of disembodied existence is incoherent and incomprehensible.
Since for monists continuity after death must involve bodily continuity, an alternative theory for monists on existence after death is that of resurrection or reincarnation. However, there do seem to be fundamental flaws in both of these monists views as well. Penelbaum also rejects this theory on the grounds that it does not maintain mental continuity and it also has implications for the theories of ethics and moral judgements.
How could a replica be divinely judged for something they did not do? Reincarnation also fails as a plausible theory on existence after death as the reincarnated being bears no resemblance either physically or mental memories of its past lives and therefore in what way can we say that it is the same person who previously existed?
St Paul maintains that after resurrection we change by a spiritual process but are still the same person. Like a plant comes from a seed but does not bear any physical resemblance to that seed so we are at resurrection.
Perhaps another good example is of a caterpillar into a butterfly, physical resemblance is not there but it is still the same being. It must be remembered for Christian believers that after his resurrection Jesus was unrecognisable to his friends but was still the same person.3) self decipline is identified with the agreement over who should rule the city, which is the concept of self-control and knowing ones role, also the concept of "one man, one job"4) Justice, the principle of specialization, the law that all do the job to which they are best suited.
The concept of embodied existence is incoherent Theories about life after death all concern whether or not there is a part of the human body which survives the death, specifically the soul, and if it does where or when it goes post death. dead lived a bodily existence under the earth.
after bc belief changed to the concept of a shadowy after life peopled by diembodied souls. Greek Dionysius God of wine. first belief in the immortal life of the soul that transferred to the Elysian fields to union with the cult God.
The concept of diembodied existence is incoherent Essay The concept of embodied existence is incoherent Theories about life after death all concern whether or not there is a part of the human body which survives the death, specifically the soul, and if it does where or when it goes post death.
The concept of disembodied existence can often be taken by advocates of dualism, the belief that humans consist of a body and soul which are separate and can be separated at death, as a coherent explanation for the question of life after death.
To accept the possibility of disembodied existence, we must believe that the core of our identity is a non-physical soul or mind. If we are to claim that disembodied existence is a coherent concept, we are required to assert that our mental characteristics, perhaps our memory, is the key to our identity.