It merged with native Taoism and folk religion.
The two empires are the Maurya Empire, which is the first, from about the 4th-3rd century BC and the Gupta Empire, and the second is the Gupta Empire, which goes from the 4th century to the 5th century AD. This is a period of about years. The major philosophical traditions, the major works were written during this period.
If you talk about the yoga s? Almost all of the Buddhist canonical literatures were written during this period. So, you have this period that is so seminar that most of what we associate with India—take the major temples and architectural monuments, all coming from this period.
What was it that propelled the first of these two empires to rise? What was going on, and how did they consolidate power? We know very little about this period.
In all likelihood, there was the final incursion of Alexander the Great coming into northwest India, and he defeated many of the kings, which seemed to have left a power vacuum in northern India. Immediately after Alexander withdrew, Chandragupta, probably a local king, rose to power and took his capital in eastern India.
He, his son, and his grandson who is the great A? This is where probably the largest empire before the British was located—almost all of India, but going into Afghanistan and Pakistan was under of the power of this single king, A?
Bilingual Greek and Aramaic inscriptions by king A? Formerly housed at the Kabul Museum, its whereabouts are unknown today. How did they control that area politically, militarily, and economically? It is very unclear. It is clear that he did not control every inch of this territory.
He controlled, I think, the major trade routes, the major population centers. How we know that he controlled these areas is that he left the first inscriptions of India, both pillar and rock inscriptions.
We have found them in Afghanistan—we have a bilingual inscription in Greek and Aramaic, which is in Kandahar. We have inscriptions in southern India, we have inscriptions all around what is today the eastern seaboard as well as the western seaboard, and going all the way into what is today Nepal.
So, he left his fingerprints all over this area with these inscriptions. Indian 10 Rupee note featuring one of the capitals of A? What are written on these inscriptions? And the capitals, the lion capital is on the Indian currency and on the Indian flag.
What is significant is that these are the first written documents from ancient India. Ancient Indian civilizations operated for almost a thousand years without, as far as we know, something written. These are the first writings from India. We have texts predating it, but these were all oral texts.
This is the earliest expression of that non-injury, not killing. Do we have any sense of what kind of King he was, other than these written texts?
Do we know how long he ruled? Yes, we know he ruled from BC, thereabouts, and we know that he was a king who was very powerful. He had a bureaucracy that was quite large, and we have very technical terms for the various people in his bureaucracy, so it must have been very extensive.
He had a chancery in his capital, Pataliputra, which produced a lot of documents. What I think is that what we find here would be a very small percentage of what he actually wrote.
These were probably originated as written documents that were written on paper of some kind, and later anthologized—brought together—and then inscribed on stone.
So, he must have had a chancery that sent these things. He also boasts that he sent doctors and missionaries to countries outside of India. It was a multi-pronged attempt to influence—I think what we can say is to influence world affairs.Differences in Extent.
The Maurya empire was founded by Chandragupta Maurya around B.C. The Maurya emperors continued to expand until they ruled almost the entire Indian subcontinent by B.C., including most of what is now India and Pakistan. Mahayana would prevail in India, Central Asia, Tibet, China, and Japan.
The Guptas (c) The Kushan realm remained a center of culture until its demise in the late third century at the hands of a new power rising in the West, the Sassanid Persians.
Buddha Gupta, the last great independent empire of the dynasty arrested the declining process of Gupta Empire for some time, but for Western India he had no commendable influence whatsoever. During this period the feudatories of the Bundelkhand region assumed semi-independent status. The decline of Buddhism and the diffusion of Sanskrit proceeded side by side, with the result that, by the end of the Gupta period, the force of Buddhism on Indian soil had been nearly spent and India, with certain local exceptions, had again become the land of the Brahmans.
Sep 09, · The differences and similarities between ancient India and ancient China: I shall be looking at the differences and similarities between India and China during BC – AD.
The most obvious similarity between the two is that both of the country’s are in Asia. The Han dynasty is considered one of the golden ages of Chinese history, and to this day, the modern Han Chinese people have since taken their ethnic name from this dynasty and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters".